Studying the history of the War of Independence in the United States, one of the fourth-Lisa Wilson on lesson in a California school, he asked: “Why do people have fought for the British against freedom?” Lisa Wilson said in response: “What do you think?”
Then the teacher asked students to divide into pairs to discuss this topic and to submit their ideas to the class. Many teachers now allow to the curiosity of students instead to conduct lessons and together with them to discuss topics of interest, instead of cramming the material.
This approach – the only one of the components of critical thinking training system. Although the system is discussed at educational conferences for almost 35 years, but recently it has gained a lot of supporters. “This method encourages students to explore their creativity helps to blossom”, – says Amy Seely Flint, PhD and professor of education at Georgia State University in Atlanta. And you can use it elements of the home.
Help your child develop a strategy
You rushes to help, if the child is not sure for homework? You come up with a plan in the event that my daughter in the schedule and a friend’s birthday, and a football match occurred in the same time? If so, you are not helping.
“Those who are able to think critically, solve problems easier, and children will never learn to solve them if we do not give them to practice,” – said Wilson. Rather than offer solutions, ask your child, that from her point of view it would be a good yield. If it is stuck, ask her to think: maybe someone from friends, you can learn your homework, or she should figure out how long it takes to get from the birthday on football.
Find a book with an open ending
History with the open end of the analysis to encourage children more than those who have the expected ending, says Flint. Read their children, and then ask whether the child does not see a hint of the possible development of the plot in the text book, or maybe he had a similar experience, who could then tell how the matter. You can also consult his book series, so that he can guess what will happen in the next book – such as “Harry Potter” and “The Chronicles of Narnia.” Also look for video games that teach children to create their own stories.
Develop thinking process
Schools with an emphasis on critical thinking, want their children to look at things from a different perspective. “I often smash your class into small groups, – says Aimé Brennus, a teacher in Boston. – Second-graders quickly and easily express their ideas in a small group than in front of the whole class, so that the discussion becomes richer. ” Help your child to explore different views, looking article, which listed and cons and pros on the subject. A gathering friends or family, select a theme and ask the child to find out what everyone thinks.
Discuss the news
“The events – this is a natural way to engage your child in conversation, going beyond the” yes “and” no “, which usually meet the children at this age on questioning,” – says Kitty Rotella, PhD in Education and director of the Episcopal School St. Mark in Fort Lauderdale. Visit the site with news, aimed at children, such as magazines.scholastic.com or timeforkids.com, and find articles that could be read together.
“News sites often take up a lot of questions that would be good to discuss the family – says Heather Marzano, whose daughter Sofia in the fourth grade at the school of St. Mark. – Recently we read about those who steal in stores – and discussed why people can behave this way. ”
“Think about their successes and failures – is an important part of the training of critical thinking” – Rachel Griffin says the head of the primary school in the school Leman Manhattan in New York City. But in order to help children to reflect on, and you have to try when your child does something hands building a tower of Lego or reorganize the collection of games, ask around him in the process, he can still use the idea arose, and after.
Ask him if it worked, and that he would not do, he did it again. Then such a reflection would be natural and would be easier to come to him in school – and in all other cases, when it is at an impasse.
The material was originally published on www.parents.com. Translation is made especially for Catherine Lavrentieva Matrony.Ru.