A lot of controversy recently carried out on the early development of children, and not the last object of controversy began to develop the program on iPads, tablets, and other displays. To give or not to give? To use or not?
Of course, put forward many arguments against and for: injury and addictive – rapid absorption of information and clear successes and a child’s interest in learning. Different point of view, justified or not, the positions of the disputants can understand. And sooner or later have to justify and its position.
I think I am against
I am not a pediatrician, not a psychologist, not mother of many children. But I am a teacher with extensive experience, and I think that I can talk about those traps “razvivashek” for electronic devices, which usually go unnoticed.
Let me begin with a simple statement: every man needs in life or social skills, the language of science and effective communication. Must be able to listen to distinguish intonation, assess the situation, to have a good vocabulary, use a variety of stylistic registers of language.
And the child in a year or two turns with a tablet in hands. Smooth voice, same, reacts to his successes and failures. Red is red all the time, praise – praise, invitation to try again – the same invitation. And the question arises: what, in fact, the practical goal of getting this knowledge? They are quick to come, but not accompanied by emotional and communicative background, therefore, their value is unclear, but the cross out of this situation is communication.
As a child learns? So he drags her mother toy or book, pokes his finger in the picture. “Cat”, – says mother. The child shows again and again repeats the mother, but the tone is a little different. Then another and another. Changing the height and tone of voice, rate of speech, and even articulation. The baby absorbs all these undertones of communication, then it it is tonally rich and expressive.
At some point my mother tired of the fact that this “cat”, and in the course are “cat”, “cat”, “cat”, “Mike Farley,” and so on. Communication continues on a new level, in the child’s mind there are series of synonyms, word-forming ranks, and they all find their place in his language picture of the world.
Pros and cons of online learning
But let us return to dialogue. As we know, in any communicative situation is explicit and implicit information, ie a clear, open and implied. And to learn to understand this information, it can be read only in the live communication: interlocutor’s distracted, switched to something else, lost the thread of reasoning … How to respond? The tablet is not distracted, not break thought it all the time at your service, and … important skill hold the attention of the interlocutor, or, conversely, “releasing” the interlocutor in the process of such studies are simply not formed. But right now a lot of talk about the need for an individual approach to each student, taking into account the personal characteristics and age!
Then the plates seem to arrange two more traps: a program for them, of course, can not take into account the whole range of characteristics of the individual child, and it may happen that the child gets used to the fact that all memorized easily and immediately, but further study is feeling pretty It hurts, because sometimes challenging the laws of physics or chemistry have to grasp, to make an effort. On the other hand, live teacher has its characterological and communicative features. Not only he is “tuned” to the student, but the student and communicates with it in accordance with his age, the approach to teaching, way of thinking, the subject taught by the last. All of these skills makes the program even well written.
I objected, and as so actively advertised online education, various online resources? Of course, online resources are great (for example, an online competition platform in mathematics and Russian language uchi.ru). And almost at the level of the ministry said that, they say, why the teacher and the audience, if the same teacher can record lectures on video, and this video will look on the Internet at least thousands, even millions of stakeholders.
Undoubtedly. Though billions. But these video lectures for the most part – as a book. I read, understood, assimilated … I looked, I realized learned. Or not learned. And is there a way out? Result? The great discovery? Intelligent explosion? The effect, which is called synergy? I doubt it.
Authorities vs. online learning
As the authorities will refer to the great scientists and our contemporaries. So, the winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1997 Claude Cohen-Tannoudji in his speech at the Festival of Science at MSU. Lomonosov Moscow State University, in 2012 said: “While our labs to communicate through Skype, we do not make breakthrough discoveries. To open you need to be in the same lab, then there is a miracle “(I quote from memory, so the words are a little different from the citations given scientist).
It turns out, and synergy, and the connection of mental and spiritual efforts in the real, not virtual space is really needed. This was confirmed by many other scientists, and not only. For some reason, yet none of the conductor is not rehearsing with the orchestra on Skype?
Learn to speak
Returning to the plate, I can not mention yet another disturbing fact me.
When doing a child with an adult voluntarily or involuntarily (on and peripheral vision) sees not only phonetics, vocabulary and articulation. How to pronounce words and sounds, any movement of the lips, tongue position? It is unlikely that it can be learned from aypada. Imitation of adult articulation is also important because, as you know, we take it the other person, not only as a sound number, but also visually (by the way, so, for example, interpreters require event organizers to install the cab so that you can see speaker).
Of course, I understand that progress is not stopped, the child grows up in a world of high technology, and will use all the technical discoveries of civilization. But for the child, and for the student and for the student and the adult there is nothing more important than the very synergy of live communication. And always have time to give a tablet.