Corsican landscape. Oliva. 1898 Pushkin Museum. Pushkin, Moscow
Two years ago, the artist carefully wrote out the texture of the fabric on the tablecloth and then – large brushstrokes, color spots. What happened – he suddenly deteriorated vision, or he did not finish the picture? It’s much easier: Matisse became acquainted with the work of the Impressionists, particularly – by Paul Cezanne. And on his canvases, in addition to items made their way experience. Specifics gone, strokes became more determined colors – cleaner, blurred boundaries. But Impressionism was no endpoint creative searches Matisse. In 1905, the artist plunges critics a real shock.
Woman in a Hat (Madame Matisse). 1905 Museum of Modern Art, San Fratsisko
The picture was exhibited at the art salon of 1905, Matisse immediately bought, that did not stop critics say that the artist is “too modern” and “once all wild.” In response, followed by a remark: “I do not create a woman – I create a picture.” With this pick, it started a new trend in the art of XX century – Fauvism (fauve from French – wild).
Holders of European culture from time to time felt cramped and boring at home. Romance Pushkin in his youth attracted to the Roma, romance Lermontov – the Caucasus. Romantic Byron and did sent his Childe Harold to travel the world. A century later, Henri Matisse carefully studied sculpture African and Moroccan fabrics. Brought out for themselves some of the principles.
Leaving aside the complex symbolism of the colors of primitive cultures, Matisse admired the impression which they produced. And I decided: painting should be simple and decorative. And when impressionism was trying to convey on canvas the artist’s impression of a complex, Fauvism had to create it. Just take the consciousness of the viewer and carry along. Means of two: the bright colors and simple shapes pattern.
This does not mean that in the paintings of Matisse is not a complex of artist consciousness. But if the Impressionists, it is shown, so to speak, in the process, then we see the result of Matisse – clear, like a smile, and simple as a child’s drawing.
View from the window. Tangier. 1912-1913. Pushkin Museum. Pushkin, Moscow
Urban landscape is quite real – the Anglican Cathedral of Moroccan Tangier. But the main thing in the picture is not so, and the morning air and a deep peace and a bright blue East.
Dance. 1910 State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
There are several theories about what inspired the artist to create a story that has become his trademark. We called and folk dances, and representations of Isadora Duncan and Sergei Diaghilev’s ballet seasons.
One thing is certain – we are again typical of Fauvism: simple and symbolic story, the figures of dancers in the most expressive poses and at the same time deprived of redundant parts, simple colors, most accentuating each other in combination. It is no coincidence Matisse painting for many has become the emblem of the dance at all. By the way, it is so popular and widespread that the organizers of the current Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro created a logo of their games is based on it.