Peru is country in Western South America. Peru is home of many ancient civilization, the most important one is INCA EMPIRE. Conquered by Spanish Empire.

Peru history traces back to 9000 B.C. The people back than used to live by working in farms, supplies water to there farms, fishing due to access of water.

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Peru hold very great history in itself. Many known civilization started and ended on its soil. Peru is enriched with many cultural diversities. It is still the best ground for archaeologist. They are researching on the causes of destruction of these great civilizations.

Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu“, means “The Old Peak“, so the name reveals it is a peak which is very old. But apart from the name “Machu Picchu” is the name of 15 century Inca citadel situated on a mountain ridge 2,430 meters above the sea level.

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It was built around 1430-1472 by the Inca Emperor Pachacuti. Machu Picchu is tangible evidence of the urban Inca Empire at the peak of its power and achievement. The stones are placed so tightly that stones can’t be separated with the blades of knife. This tells us about how the best builder they were. Historian are saying, that they know very great details of construction. For such a long time these structure hold.

The complex of palaces and plazas, temples and homes may have been built as a ceremonial site, a military stronghold, or a retreat for ruling elites, the location is well suited for all these things, height is advantage in times of was. This was the main reason for choosing this hot spot. The ruins lie on a high ridge, surrounded on three sides by the windy, turbulent Urubamba River some 2,000 feet below.

How to Travel Machu Picchu

It is preferred to visit Machu Picchu on foot. The best trail leads towards the mountain, along the ancient royal highway. More than 75,000 people make trip to Inca Empire remain and study their way of  life under highly educated trainer.

People mostly questioned about the causes of the destruction of this great civilization, their custom and there way of living.

Note: They used to bury their death bodies in sitting position

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It’s no longer possible to do the trek independently. Due to heavy use the trail has become heavily regulated. Visitors must sign up with an organized group to tackle either the classic four-day route or a recently added two-day option.

 

 

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