Diabetes is a disease that affects how the body uses glucose, a sugar that is the body’s main source of fuel. Just as a CD player needs batteries, our body needs glucose to keep it working.

However, when a person has diabetes, either the body does not produce insulin (this is called type 1 diabetes), or the insulin does not work in the body as it should (this is called type 2 diabetes). Because glucose can not enter cells normally, blood sugar levels increase too. When a person has a high blood sugar concentration and does not follow a treatment, he becomes ill.

Type 1 diabetes can not be prevented
even doctors can not determine who will get it and who is not. 3

In type 1 diabetes, a person’s immune system attacks the pancreas and destroys the cells responsible for producing insulin. No one knows for certain why this happens, but scientists believe it has some relation to the genetic. Genes, which are transmitted from parents to children, are something like instructions that determine the physical appearance and functioning of the body. However, to have diabetes, it is not enough to have inherited the genes. In most cases, there must be other factors such as the presence of a viral infection, for a person develops implementing type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is not contagious. Therefore, one can not infect another person or infect any friend. In addition, consuming too much sugar can not cause type 1 diabetes


Type 2 diabetes can prevent
Type 2 diabetes is different. Sometimes it is possible to prevent type 2 diabetes 6

In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas produces insulin but the body does not respond to this hormone as itshould. The problem, in general, is related to being overweight. In the past, especially overweight adults have type 2 diabetes. Today, there are many children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes, probably because there are many children and adolescents who are overweight.

One of the ways to prevent type 2 diabetes is to have a normal and healthy weight. Other preventive measures are eating nutritious, fresh and healthy foods, and exercising. When a person chooses healthy foods and is more physically active helps that diabetes does not become a problem.

Some people are more likely than others to get type 2 diabetes, because of factors that can not be changed. For example, people who are of Indian-American, African-American, Hispanic / Latino, Asian or Pacific Islander origin are more likely to get type 2 diabetes. People who have relatives with type 2 diabetes are also at increased risk.

Some measures that can be taken to prevent type 2 diabetes
If you do not want to type 2 diabetes or if you just want to feel healthier follow these tips:

Choose foods that are healthy. Try to eat foods that are low in fat but high in other nutrients, such as whole grains and breads, fruits, vegetables, dairy products, and lean (low-fat) proteins. 9

It restricts the consumption of fast foods and soft drinks with sugar. Eating large amounts of fast foods, high in calories, and drinks with high sugar content, such as juices, soda or iced tea also contributes to weight gain.

Stay active. Another way to prevent type 2 diabetes is to stay active and decrease the time you spend in sedentary activities (watching TV, playing video games or using a computer). 11

If you have questions about your weight, do not hesitate to ask. If you think you are overweight or just do not know what it means to be healthy, talk to a doctor or nurse specialist in nutrition.