China, is home to countless places where tourists from all over the World came, observe and enjoy the beauty of architectural greatness and historical importance. China has pride of holding multi dimensional beauty.
“China“, has became home to many historical civilizations. These civilization holds respect in history. China hosted many wars and peace in different times. The “The Great Wall of China” is the example of war strategies.
Beijing the Capital city of China, As the Capital City of China, its importance increases much more. One of the most important and historical place in Beijing is “The Forbidden City“.
The Forbidden City
As I said earlier, China became home for many ancient civilization, many great cultures started and ended on its soil. The Forbidden City or The Imperial Palace of China, is one of the best example of historically preserved beauty.
The Forbidden City is a rectangular in shape with 961 meter from North to South and 753 meter from East to West. Its 980 buildings have 8886 rooms.
It is divided into two parts. The southern section, or the Outer Court was where the emperor exercised his supreme power over the nation. The northern section, or the Inner Court was where he lived with his royal family.
Until 1924 when the last emperor of China was driven from the Inner Court, fourteen emperors of the Ming dynasty and ten emperors of the Qing dynasty had reigned here. Having been the imperial palace for some five centuries, it houses numerous rare treasures and curiosities. Listed by UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage Site in 1987, the Palace Museum is now one of the most popular tourist attractions world-wide.
Construction of the palace complex began in 1407, the 5th year of the Yongle reign of the third emperor (Emperor Chengzu, Zhu Di) of the Ming dynasty. It was completed fourteen years later in 1420, and then the capital city was moved from Nanjing to Beijing the next year. It was said that a million workers including one hundred thousand artisans were driven into the long-term hard labor. Stone needed was quarried from Fangshan District. It was said a well was dug every fifty meters along the road in order to pour water onto the road in winter to slide huge stones on ice into the city. Huge amounts of timber and other materials were freighted from faraway provinces.
Ancient Chinese people displayed their very considerable skills in building it. Take the grand red city wall for example. It has an 8.6 meters wide base reducing to 6.66 meters wide at the top. The angular shape of the wall totally frustrates attempts to climb it. The bricks were made from white lime and glutinous rice while the cement is made from glutinous rice and egg whites. These incredible materials make the wall extraordinarily strong.