In life, as Gorky wrote, it is always a feat. Many Russian thinkers rightly said that no environment determines a person’s behavior, and he is able to make an effort and get better. This is the freedom of man.
The large reservoir of literary works on the theme of internal change, the transformation of the characters. Today, we remember some of them.
1) Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s “Crime and Punishment”
Of course, first of all, it comes to mind-known from school Dostoevsky’s “Crime and Punishment” novel. Some argue that Raskolnikov did not changed in prison. This view seems to me highly controversial. Referring to the epilogue of the novel.
“They were both pale and thin; but in these patients and pale faces shone the dawn of a renewed future, complete resurrection into a new life. Their resurrected love, one heart has concluded infinite sources of life for another “heart; “Instead of dialectics come life and consciousness had to develop something entirely different,” “… a new story begins, the story of the gradual renewal of a man, the story of the gradual degeneration of it ….”
Is Rodion Romanovich changed in prison? Re-read and make your own conclusions.
2) Leo Tolstoy, “Father Sergius”
The story of Leo Tolstoy, “Father Sergius” was for me at one time a great discovery, and since then is one of the favorite books. It struck me as a connoisseur of the human soul and the spiritual laws by which it developed, was a writer. Although many issues Tolstoy himself against the Church, in this work he speaks of things that wrote the holy fathers.
This is the story of the monk father Sergei, who was walking a spiritual path, not guided by love and humility, and self-admiration and pride. It needed special medicine, and it was given to change a restless soul. “Pride goeth before destruction, and a drop – arrogance” ( Proverbs 16:18 ). It’s amazing how Father Sergius changed after his fall, even though his first thoughts were desperate little faith. He found the strength to go on, stopped thinking about himself, and “a little God became manifest in him.” After reading the story for me was obvious: if a person is sincerely seeking God, even if an error occurs and downs Lord Himself goes to meet him. And it can not but rejoice.
3) Victor Hugo’s “Les Miserables”
Awesome epic novel. In the center – a figure escaped convict Jean Valjean who survived profound transformation. Radically changed it after a meeting with the Bishop Bienvenu, who showed him a wonderful example of love, mercy and forgiveness. But the way to good and new life, of course, is not easy, and the hero in the way of change should go through many difficulties and trials.
4) Once again, Dostoevsky and his story “The Dream of a Ridiculous Man”
The story that the plot and symbolism, perhaps, has no analogues in the world literature. The main character suffers from the meaninglessness of their existence and wants to commit suicide. At some point, he falls asleep, and he has a dream, which is the basis for the plot of the story. Wakes hero is updated. What happened to him? Previously, he held the center of the universe itself, indifferent to the suffering of others, despising them, but now he sees the meaning of life in Christian love and ready to preach it, even if it does not listen.
It is important to be able to read in this story and what is written between the lines: it symbolically shows some moments of biblical history: the bliss of paradise, the Fall, the arrival of the prophets, the crucifixion of Christ and the preaching of the Apostles.
By the way, this story animator Alexander Petrov took wonderful cartoon that you can see and talk with the children.
5) Somerset Maugham, “The Painted Veil” (in another translation – “patterned cover”)
The plot is built on the classic theme of adultery, but it is developing differently than, say, “Madame Bovary” and “Anna Karenina.”
The heroine learns to overcome selfishness, to see other people, their problems and sufferings. We can not say that it is changing dramatically – and yet it is taking steps to realize his weakness, understanding how selfish it was before.
6) Alexander Pushkin “The Captain’s Daughter”
Yes, once again the curriculum! Some of the researchers called “Captain’s Daughter” Christians work of Pushkin. It makes no sense to describe the story and change the goodies of the famous story, it makes sense to read it for adult eyes.
7) Anton Chekhov “Student”
This is the story of how sympathy transforms people, that is the real happiness (as it is inextricably linked with the good of others), and the events of Holy Week, the last week before Easter. Built story on the antithesis of unhappiness and happiness, loneliness and unity. His story is very simple, and the emphasis there is on the life and experiences of ordinary people. But at the same time it is very deep and symbolic, like many stories of Chekhov.
8) Eleanor Porter “Pollyanna”
Many people know the story of Pollyanna cheerful girl who knew how to find joy even in the saddest events. Her openness, sincerity, kindness attracts and transforms even the toughest people. When Pollyanna was in trouble, even enemies reconciled and united in order to help her. The novel shows the great power of love, joy and acceptance.
Thanks to the book, even psychologists have identified and described a “Pollyanna principle”, according to which people tend to agree, first of all, with positive statements that refer to them as their own.